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Addressing human trafficking is a priority for the EU and many other countries worldwide. Gauging magnitudes of the crime and evaluating anti-trafficking policies provides a critical tool for systematic analysis of human trafficking and evidence-based policy making.
Despite its political relevance, assessments on the sizes, causes and consequences of human trafficking are still rare and scientific research in this field is in its infancy. The Economics of Human Trafficking website aims at contributing to the field of the economics of human trafficking by providing for the two scientific outcomes listed below.
The 3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index evaluates governmental anti-trafficking efforts in the three main policy dimensions (3Ps), based on the requirements prescribed by the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000).
The three main policy dimensions (3Ps) are:Prosecution of perpetrators of human traffickingPrevention of human traffickingProtection of the victims of human trafficking
Each of the 3P areas is evaluated on a 5-point scale and each index is aggregated to the overall 3P Anti-trafficking Index as the sum (score 3-15).Prosecution Index Score: 1 (no compliance) - 5 (full compliance)Prevention Index Score: 1 (no compliance) - 5 (full compliance)Protection Index Score: 1 (no compliance) - 5 (full compliance)3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index Score: 3 (no compliance for any of the three areas) - 15 (full compliance for all of the three areas)
The 3P Anti-trafficking Policy Index is available for each country and each year and currently includes up to 189 countries for the preiod from 2000 to 2015.
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