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The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) is Australia's central bank and derives its functions and powers from the Reserve Bank Act 1959. Its duty is to contribute to the stability of the currency, full employment, and the economic prosperity and welfare of the Australian people. It does this by setting the cash rate to meet an agreed medium-term inflation target, working to maintain a strong financial system and efficient payments system, and issuing the nation's banknotes.
The RBA provides certain banking services as required to the Australian Government and its agencies, and to a number of overseas central banks and official institutions. Additionally, it manages Australia's gold and foreign exchange reserves.
The S&P/ASX 200 is used for all data except for the 'market capitalisation of listed domestic equities' and the 'average daily turnover of equities'. ‘S&P/ASX 200 Banks’ index is based on S&P and Morgan Stanley Capital International’s Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) and excludes merchant banks and diversified financial institutions. The index is a subset of the 'S&P/ASX 200 Industrials' index. The ‘S&P/ASX 200 Industrials’ index reflects all stocks in the S&P/ASX 200 that are not included in the ‘S&P/ASX 200 Resources’ index. The ‘S&P/ASX 200 Resources’ index consists of stocks in the Energy GICS sector and the Metals and Mining GICS industry classification. The ‘S&P/ASX 200 Banks’, ‘S&P/ASX 200 Industrials’ and ‘S&P/ASX 200 Resources’ are based at 5 July 2002 = 3215, the first date that all of these indices are available from. The base value is the value of the S&P/ASX 200 on that day. ‘Share price indices’ summarise movements in share prices resulting from trading on the ASX. ‘Accumulation index’ indicates the total pre-tax return from investments in listed shares after reinvesting dividends. ‘Share price indices’, the ‘Accumulation index’ and the ‘Dividend yield’ are calculated at end-month. ‘Price/Earnings ratio’ is the end of month price/earnings ratio. The series uses 12-month trailing underlying profits for S&P/ASX 200 companies. The data are based on free-float market capitalisation and sourced through Thomson Reuters. ‘Market capitalisation of listed domestic equities’ is calculated at end-month for all equities listed on the ASX Mainboard, including preference shares and excluding overseas-domiciled stocks. ‘Average daily turnover of equities’ is the value of monthly equities turnover on the ASX Mainboard, divided by the number of trading days in the month.
Share Price Indices
The original share price indices are sourced from Bloomberg, and have been rebased by the RBA. Share prices are end-month. For Australia, from March 2000, figures refer to the S&P/ASX 200. Prior to March 2000, the All Ordinaries Index is used. For New Zealand, from January 2001, figures refer to the NZSE-50. Prior to January 2001, the NZSE-40 is used. For China, the Shanghai A index is rebased to 31 December 1992.
The ‘payments system’ refers to arrangements which allow consumers, businesses and other organisations to transfer funds usually held in an account at a financial institution to one another. It includes the payment instruments – cash, cards, cheques and electronic funds transfers which customers use to make payments – and the usually unseen arrangements that ensure that funds move from accounts at one financial institution to another.
Reserve Bank of Australia Exchange Rates.
The trade-weighted index is calculated on the basis of the rates for the US dollar and other currencies.
The value of the Special Drawing Right is calculated by the International Monetary Fund on the basis of a weighted basket of five currencies – US dollar, European euro, Chinese renminbi, Japanese yen and UK pound.
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