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China Internet Network Information Center (abbreviated as CNNIC) is an administration and service organization set up on June 3, 1997 upon the approval of the competent authority and undertakes the responsibilities as the national Internet network information center.
In light of the policies of "providing efficient and application-oriented services through secure & stable Internet infrastructure for public interests”, CNNIC, as an important constructor, operator and administrator of infrastructure in Chinese information society, is responsible for operation, administration and services of fundamental Internet resources, undertakes R&D and security work of fundamental Internet resources, conducts research on Internet development and provides consultancy, and promotes the cooperation and technological exchange of global Internet in an effort to become a world-class network information center.
Main responsibilities of CNNIC:
Operation, Administration and Service organization of national network fundamental resources. CNNIC is a registry of domain names and root zone operator. It operates and administers country code top level domain of .CN and Chinese domain name system, and provides 24-hour services of domain name registration and resolution as well as WHOIS lookup for worldwide users with its professional technologies.
Research, Development and Security center of national network fundamental resources. CNNIC constructs a world-leading, efficient and safe & stable service platform for fundamental network resources. It provides multi-level and multi-mode not-for-profit services for fundamental network resources, and seeks to make a breakthrough in the core competence of fundamental network resources and self-developed devices and softwares so as to improve the reliability, security and stability of China’s system of fundamental network resources.
Research and consulting services driving force for Internet development. CNNIC is responsible for conducting surveys about the Internet including survey on the development status of China’s Internet, and it gives a description of the macroscopic picture of the development status of China’s Internet and records its development faithfully. CNNIC will continue to beef up its support for the research of government policies on one hand and provide not-for-profit research and consulting services for Internet development for enterprises, users and research institutes on the other hand.
Platform for Internet open cooperation and technical exchange. CNNIC tracks the latest development of Internet policies and technologies and has business coordination and cooperation with relevant international organizations and the Internet network information centers in other countries and regions. CNNIC hosts important international conferences and activities concerning the Internet, and creates an open research environment and platform for international exchange and sharing. It promotes the application of scientific research achievements and development of China’s Internet.
China: Internet Penetration Statistics by Province
Note :- From 1997 to 2014 Data cited at China Power Project - https://chinapower.csis.org/data/internet-penetration-statistics-province/
From 2015 to 2017 collected from https://cnnic.com.cn/IDR/ReportDownloads/ for Province China from 2007 to 2017 data collected from https://cnnic.com.cn/IDR/ReportDownloads/
Up to December 2017, China had 772 million Internet users, up 40.74 million over the
previous year. The Internet penetration reached 55.8%, up 2.6 percentage points from the end of
The scale of China’s Internet users continued to grow steadily. We have kept making
innovations in the Internet model, sped up the integration of online and offline services, and made
more public services accessible online. All these efforts have served as a spur to the increasingly
growing number of China’s netizens. In 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping repeatedly mentioned
the Internet in the 19th CPC National Congress report. The importance of the Internet in the socioeconomic
development has become more prominent. China has moved forward with the national
strategy for cyber development. Over the past year, China's Internet industry has accelerated
integration with other industries. The strategy of “Made in China 2025” has been implemented in
all directions, the industrial Internet has been vigorously promoted, and the “Internet plus” has kept
promoting the upgrading of traditional industries. The Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and
real economy has moved from the initial integration to deep integration, and the transformation and
upgrading has been brought about at a higher speed. Digital economy has become a new engine for
economic development. Internet and digitization have transformed the traditional economy into the
Internet economy. The spread of IT services, the vigorous development of the Internet-driven
poverty alleviation and the improvement of public service have allowed the people to share the
results of Internet development.
Automatic online search is used to conduct technical statistics about the quantity of domain names and websites, and their geographical distribution. Statistical data for reporting mainly includes the number of IP addresses and international Internet gateway bandwidth.
The data of IP addresses counted by provinces come from the IP address databases of AsiaPacific Network Information Center (APNIC) and CNNIC. Registered data in each database, that can clearly distinguish the provinces which the addresses belong to, can be added respectively by province to generate data of each province. As address allocation is a dynamic process, the statistical data are only for reference. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, as the national competent department for IP addresses, also require IP address allocation organizations to report the quantity of IP addresses they own biannually. To ensure the accuracy of IP data, CNNIC will compare and verify APNIC statistical data and the reported data to confirm the final quantity of IP addresses.
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