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United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

UNECE's major aim is to promote pan-European economic integration. UNECE includes 56 member States in Europe, North America and Asia. However, all interested United Nations member States may participate in the work of UNECE. Over 70 international professional organizations and other non-governmental organizations take part in UNECE activities.

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    • abril 2019
      Fonte: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 22 abril, 2019
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      Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources Definition: A homicide is intentional or unintentional killing. Intentional homicide is a death deliberately inflicted on a person by another person, including infanticide.Non-intentional homicide is a death not deliberately inflicted on a person by another person. That includes crime of manslaughter but excludes traffic accidents that result in a death of persons. The distinction between intentional and unintentional homicide differs from country to country, as does the definition of attempted murder. General note: Reference period - selected day of the year. .. - data not available Country: Austria Change in definition (2002 - 2012): 1.1: Victims of homicide killed by a family member living in the same household 1.2: Vicitms of homicide killed by a family member not living in the same household Country: Belarus Break in methodlogy (2011): From 1995 to 2010 data are based on reported crimes. From 2011 data refer to completed investigation of criminal cases. Country: Bulgaria Reference period (2000): Data do not cover whole year. Country: Canada Differences in totals and the sum of subtotals (by relashionships and/or gender) can be observed because the totals also include victims where the gender of the victim was reported as unknown and where the perpertrator and victim's relationships is unknown. A spouse refers to husband/wife (legally married), common-law husband/wife, and same sex spouse (legal or common-law). An ex-spouse refers to opposite sex separated/divorced spouse, opposite sex separated common-law spouse and ex-same-sex spouse (separated or divorced) Country: Croatia Attempted murders are not included under Homicides. Country: Cyprus Data cover only the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus. 2008: data include victims of aiplane accidents. Country: Denmark Change in definition (2010 onwards): Data do not include non-intentional homicide. Country: Estonia Break in methodlogy (1990 - 1995): Change in laws and methodology. Country: Finland Change in definition (2003 - 2011): Data include homicides commited by Finnish residents against Finnish residents. All years: Data include only intentional homicides. Country: Georgia Territorial change (2005 onward): Data do not cover Abkhazia AR and Tskhinvali Region. Country: Georgia Additional information (2012 - 2014): There are some cases where the gender is not known Country: Germany Break in methodology (2009): Transition to delivery of individual PCS data sets and introduction of a six-digit key number system at national level Country: Germany Figures include data on completed acts of murder (sect. 211 Penal Code (PC)), manslaughter (sect. 212 PC), less serious case of manslaughter (sect. 213 PC), killing a person at their own request (sect. 216 PC), bodily injuries resulting in death (sects. 227, 231 PC) and homicide by negligence (sect. 222 PC), but exclude a. o. sexual coercion attended by death (sect. 178 PC) and robbery resulting in death (sect. 251 PC); (PCS keys 010000, 020000, 221000, 030000). Country: Germany Spouse refers to spouse/marriage partner, registered partnership, non-marital life partnership; Another relative refers to a family member or other relative; Another person refers to a former partner, informal and formal social relationship, no relationship, unclarified/unknown; Ex-spouse refers to a former partnership (ex-spouse, former partner of a non-marital life partnership, former partner of a registered partnership); Friend or any other acquaintance refers to an informal and formal social relationship (acquaintance, casual previous relation); Perpetrator unknown/stranger refers to no relationship, unclarified/unknown. Country: Israel Numbers of victims are based on causes of death files. Country: Italy Data refer to intentional homicides. Country: Netherlands Break in methodlogy (2000): Starting from 1996 and onwards, data are collected through the cause of death registration. Include also manslaughter, justifiable homicide in self-defence and death due to armed conflict. Country: Netherlands Change in definition (2000 - 2005): Data on "perpetrator unknown" includes also "unknown if perpetrator is known". Country: Serbia Data exclude territory of Kosovo and Metohija. Country: Slovakia Change in definition (1990 onwards): Only intentional killing included. Country: Spain For 2012-2013 the total for both sexes is not the sum of male and female because some victims have unknown sex. Country: Spain Territorial change (2009 - 2013): Data exclude Cataluna police region. From 2014 totals include Cataluna police region, but subtotals do not. Country: Sweden Data on victims of homicides includes completed murder, voluntary and involuntary manslaughter, infanticide and assault leading to death. Figures are taken from the elaborated homicide data, whereby police reported homicides that after investigation or court procedure turn out not being homicides have been excluded. Country: Switzerland Break in methodlogy (2009): Break in series, revision of crime statistics. Country: Switzerland Change in definition (2000 - onwards): Data exclude cases with unknown sexes. Homicide: does not include attempted murder Country: Turkey Additional information (1995 - 2013): Data cover intentional and non-intentional homicide as defined. Country: Ukraine From 2014 data cover the territories under the government control. Country: United Kingdom Change in definition (2000 - onwards): Data for spouse also include ex-spouse and partner/ex-partner. Country: United Kingdom Reference period (2000 - onwards): Data refer to financial year (from 1April to 31 March) Country: United Kingdom Territorial change (2000 - onwards): Data refer to England and Wales.