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Eurostat

Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across EU member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries.

Todos os conjuntos de dados:  D G H M N P Q S
  • D
    • junho 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 23 junho, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      Data are the result of the annual structure of government debt survey and cover the EU countries as well as Norway. The following series are available: Central government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; State government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Local government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Social security funds gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; General government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Debt by currency of issuance; Government guarantees (contingent liabilities).
  • G
    • julho 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 16 julho, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The indicator is defined (in the Maastricht Treaty) as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal (face) value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA 2010): currency and deposits, debt securities and loans. The general government sector comprises the subsectors: central government, state government, local government and social security funds.
    • julho 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 20 julho, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The data correspond to quarterly government debt. Public debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal (face) value, outstanding at the end of the year. Data for the general government sector are consolidated between subsectors at the national level. Data are non-seasonally adjusted.
    • março 2018
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 março, 2018
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA 2010): currency and deposits (AF.2), debt securities (AF.3), and loans (AF.4). General government sector includes the following subsectors: central government, state government, local government and social security funds. Basic data are expressed in national currency, converted into euro using end-year exchange rates for the euro provided by the European Central Bank (ECB). The debt of the Euro area and EU aggregates is consolidated by removal of the loans that Member States have granted to other Member States. In order to reflect economic and technological developments and meet user needs, in September 2014 the new national accounting framework ESA 2010 replaced the previous framework ESA 95. This led to revisions of the time series for all Member States (please see Eurostat press release for the impact of the revisions on the government deficit and debt ratios). The changes to government debt relate to the classification of certain entities into government.
    • julho 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 27 julho, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The non-financial Annual Sector Accounts (ASA) are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010) and are transmitted by the EU Member States, EEA Members (Norway, Iceland) and Switzerland following ESA2010 transmission programme(Table 8) established by the Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union, annexes A and B respectively). The ASA encompass non-financial accounts that provide a description of the different stages of the economic process: production, generation of income, distribution of income, redistribution of income, use of income and non-financial accumulation. The ASA record the economic flows of institutional sectors in order to illustrate their economic behaviour and interactions between them. They also provide a list of balancing items that have high analytical value in their own right: value added, operating surplus and mixed income, balance of primary incomes, disposable income, saving, net lending / net borrowing. All of them but net lending / net borrowing, can be expressed in gross or net terms, i.e. with and without consumption of fixed capital that accounts for the use and obsolescence of fixed assets. In terms of institutional sectors, a broad distinction is made between the domestic economy (ESA 2010 classification code S.1) and the rest of the world (S.2). Within S.1 and S.2, in turn, more detailed subsectors are distinguished as explained in more detail in section "3.2 Classification system". Data are presented in the table "Non-financial transactions" (nasa_10_nf_tr). The table contains data, as far as they are available, expressed in national currency and millions of euro in current prices. In line with ESA2010 Transmission programme requirements data series start from 1995 (unless subject to voluntary transmission option and/or country specific derogations). Countries may transmit longer series on voluntary basis. Available level of detail by sectors and transactions may also vary by country due to voluntary transmission of some items (as defined in ESA2010 transmission programme) and country specific derogations. ASA collected according ESA2010 Transmission programme include selected data on employment (in persons and hours worked) by institutional sectors. However, as transmission of these variables is voluntary (except for the sector of General government), data availability may vary significantly across countries. A set of key indicators, deemed meaningful for economic analysis, is available in the table "Key indicators" (nasa_10_ki) for most of the members of the European Economic Area (EEA), of the Euro area and EU. Key ratios are derived from non-financial transactions as follows:Gross household saving rate (S.14_S.15): B8G/(B6G+D8rec-D8pay)*100Gross investment rate of households (S.14_S.15): P51G/(B6G+D8rec-D8pay)*100Gross investment rate of non-financial corporations (S.11): P51G/B1G*100Gross profit share of non-financial corporations (S.11): B2G_B3G/B1G*100Total investment to GDP ratio (S.1): P51G/B1GQ*100Business investment to GDP ratio (S.11+S.12): P51G/B1GQ*100Government investment to GDP ratio (S.13): P51G/B1GQ*100Households investment to GDP ratio (S.14_S.15): P51G/B1GQ*100 With the following transaction codes:B8G -  Gross savingB6G - Gross disposable incomeD8rec / D8pay - the adjustment for the change in pension entitlements (receivable / payable)P51G - Gross fixed capital formationB1G - Gross value addedB1GQ – Gross domestic productB2G_B3G - Gross operating surplus/ mixed income. In the above, all ratios are expressed in gross terms, i.e. before deduction of consumption of fixed capital. The following key indicators combine non-financial with financial accounts:Gross return on capital employed, before taxes, of non-financial corporations (S.11): [B2G_B3G/(AF2+AF3+AF4+AF5, liab)]*100Net debt-to-income ratio, after taxes, of non-financial corporations (S.11): ([(AF2+AF3+AF4, liab)/(B4N-D5pay)]*100)Net return on equity, after taxes, of non-financial corporations (S.11): [(B4N-D5pay)/(AF5, liab)]*100Gross debt-to-income ratio of households (S.14_15): [(AF4, liab)/(B6G+D8net)]*100Household net financial assets ratio (BF90/(B6G+D8net)) With the following codes (the codes already described above have not been listed):B4N - Net entrepreneurial incomeD5pay - Current taxes on income and wealthAF2 - Currency and depositsAF3 - Debt securities (excluding financial derivatives)AF4 - LoansAF5 - Equity and investment fund sharesBF90 – Financial net worth "rec" means resources, that is transactions that add to the economic value of a given sector. "pay" means "uses", that is transactions that reduce the economic value of a given sector. "liab" refers to the stock of liabilities incurred by a given sector and recorded in the financial balance sheets. See also the sector accounts dedicated website for more information.
  • H
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector debt is the stock of liabilities (at the end of the year) held by the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15). The instruments taken into account to compile the private sector debt are Debt securities (F.3) and Loans (F.4). Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts 2010 edition (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector debt, in percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.  
  • M
    • junho 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 22 junho, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      Data are the result of the annual structure of government debt survey and cover the EU countries as well as Norway. The following series are available: Central government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; State government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Local government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Social security funds gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; General government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Debt by currency of issuance; Government guarantees (contingent liabilities); Average remaining maturity of debt; Apparent cost of the debt; Market value of debt.
  • N
    • julho 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 13 julho, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The data on contingent liabilities and potential obligations of government are collected in the context of the Enhanced Economic Governance package (the "six-pack") adopted in 2011. In particular, Council Directive 2011/85 on requirements for budgetary frameworks of the Member States requires the Member States to publish relevant information on contingent liabilities with potentially large impacts on public budgets, including government guarantees, non-performing loans, and liabilities stemming from the operation of public corporations, including the extent thereof. The liabilities are called “contingent” in the sense that they are by nature only potential and not actual liabilities. Non-performing loans could imply a potential loss for government if these loans were not repaid. This new data collection represents a step towards further transparency of public finances in the EU by giving a more comprehensive picture of EU Member States’ financial positions3 It is to be underlined that contingent liabilities are not part of the general government (Maastricht) debt as defined in the Council Regulation (EC) No 479/2009 of 25 May 2009 on the application of the Protocol on the excessive deficit procedure annexed to the Treaty establishing the European Community. Eurostat collects and publishes the following indicators: government guarantees, liabilities related to public-private partnerships recorded off-balance sheet of government, liabilities of government controlled entities classified outside general government (public corporations) and non-performing loans. Regarding government controlled entities, it should be mentioned that this refers to  government controlled units, not classified in general government, and which are controlled, directly or indirectly (through other public units), by government. In cases when the government share in a corporation is lower than 50% and government does not have control over an entity, the corporation is not considered as controlled by government. Regarding the control criteria, according to ESA 2010 paragraph 20.18: “Control over an entity is the ability to determine the general policy or programme of that entity (…)”. The criteria to be used for corporations are indicated in ESA 2010 paragraphs 2.38 and further detailed in paragraph 20.309. ESA 2010 paragraph 2.38 specifies that: “General government secures control over a corpo­ration as a result of special legislation, decree or reg­ulation which empowers the government to deter­mine corporate policy. The following indicators are the main factors to consider in deciding whether a corporation is controlled by government:(a) government ownership of the majority of the voting interest; (b) government control of the board or governing body; (c) government control of the appointment and removal of key personnel;(d) government control of key committees in the entity; (e) government possession of a golden share; (f) special regulations; (g) government as a dominant customer; (h) borrowing from government. A single indicator may be sufficient to establish control, but, in other cases, a number of separate indicators may collectively indicate control.”
  • P
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector credit flow represents the net amount of liabilities (debt securities (F.3) and loans (F4)) in which the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15) have incurred along the year. Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector credit flow, as percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector credit flow represents the net amount of liabilities (debt securities (F.3) and loans (F4)) in which the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15) have incurred along the year. Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector credit flow, as percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector credit flow represents the net amount of liabilities (debt securities (F.3) and loans (F4)) in which the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15) have incurred along the year. Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector credit flow, as percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector credit flow represents the net amount of liabilities (debt securities (F.3) and loans (F4)) in which the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15) have incurred along the year. Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector credit flow, as percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector credit flow represents the net amount of liabilities (debt securities (F.3) and loans (F4)) in which the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15) have incurred along the year. Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector credit flow, as percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector debt is the stock of liabilities (at the end of the year) held by the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15). The instruments that are taken into account to compile private sector debt are Debt securities (F.3) and Loans (F.4). Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts, 2010 edition (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector debt, in percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector debt is the stock of liabilities (at the end of the year) held by the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15). The instruments that are taken into account to compile private sector debt are Debt securities (F.3) and Loans (F.4). Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts, 2010 edition (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector debt, in percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector debt is the stock of liabilities (at the end of the year) held by the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15). The instruments that are taken into account to compile private sector debt are Debt securities (F.3) and Loans (F.4). Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts, 2010 edition (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector debt, in percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector debt is the stock of liabilities (at the end of the year) held by the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15). The instruments that are taken into account to compile private sector debt are Debt securities (F.3) and Loans (F.4). Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts, 2010 edition (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector debt, in percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector debt is the stock of liabilities (at the end of the year) held by the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15). The instruments that are taken into account to compile private sector debt are Debt securities (F.3) and Loans (F.4). Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts, 2010 edition (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector debt, in percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector debt is the stock of liabilities (at the end of the year) held by the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15). The instruments that are taken into account to compile private sector debt are Debt securities (F.3) and Loans (F.4). Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts, 2010 edition (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector debt, in percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
    • outubro 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 17 outubro, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      The Private sector debt is the stock of liabilities (at the end of the year) held by the sectors Non-Financial corporations (S.11) and Households and Non-Profit institutions serving households (S.14_S.15). The instruments that are taken into account to compile private sector debt are Debt securities (F.3) and Loans (F.4). Financial flows and stocks data are often referred to collectively in the national accounts framework as 'financial accounts'. Financial flows consist of transactions and other flows, and represent the difference between the opening financial balance sheet at the start of the year and the closing balance sheet at the end of the year. The data are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts, 2010 edition (ESA 2010), which came into force in September 2014. The MIP scoreboard indicator is the consolidated Private sector debt, in percentage of GDP. For the MIP purposes are published annual consolidated and non-consolidated data by institutional sectors and financial instruments.
  • Q
    • julho 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 31 julho, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      'Quarterly government debt' is defined as the total gross debt at nominal value outstanding at the end of each quarter for the general government sector (ref. Regulation  (EU) No 549/2013, Annex B transmission programme, definition of general government sector ESA 2010 §2.111). Data are measured in million Euro, million of national currency units, percentage of GDP and percentage of total consolidated debt. Data cover EU Member States and Norway. Quarterly data on government debt is provided according to the provisions of the European System of Accounts ESA 2010 (Regulation (EU) No 549/2013). Data is transmitted by national authorities (National Statistical Institutes, National Central Banks or Ministries of Finance).
  • S
    • junho 2019
      Fonte: Eurostat
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 26 junho, 2019
      Selecionar Conjunto de dados
      Data are the result of the annual structure of government debt survey and cover the EU countries as well as Norway. The following series are available: Central government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; State government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Local government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Social security funds gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; General government gross debt by initital maturity and sector of debt holder; Debt by currency of issuance; Government guarantees (contingent liabilities).

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