Ocorreu um erro. Detalhes Ocultar
Você tem páginas não gravadas. Restaurar Cancelar

Even as the design of cars become increasingly safety focused and even automated, speed, texting, and driving while under the influence contribute to a rising number of deaths from motor vehicle crashes, particularly in the United States. Asian car manufacturers nearly swept the 2016 motor vehicle safety rankings by the US Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), securing nine of the top 10 spots. Only Daimler's (Germany) Mercedes-Benz GLE-Class joined Toyota, Hyundai, Subaru, and Honda in the top 10. The IIHS testing of new cars in the North American market covered three safety components:

  1. Crashworthiness, a measure of how well a vehicle protects its occupants in a crash;
  2. Crash prevention and mitigation, including all systems that warn a driver or introduce automatic breaking to avoid or mitigate a frontal collision;
  3. Child seat anchors, which assesses the usability of child seat attachment hardware.

This year’s crashworthiness tests were distinctive from years past because of new, more stringent regulations related to vehicles’ front optics performance. The IIHS test is the world's first official rating of reliability and quality of the front headlights based on how well a particular vehicle illuminates the road at night and the degree to which short-range headlights "blind" oncoming drivers.

  • A slim majority (52.4%) of cars tested received poor or marginal ratings. 
  • Only seven models earned top scores; namely, Chevy Volt, Honda Ridgeline, Hyundai Elantra and Santa Fe, Subaru Legacy, Toyota Prius V, and Volvo XC60.

Car safety features and overall design along with traffic speed and the use of seatbelts are considered central factors in the number of traffic deaths worldwide. According to a 2008 estimate from the World Health Organization, 1.2 million people died globally in motor vehicle crashes. North America, Western Europe, and Australia have the safest roads, with the total number of traffic deaths ranging from 2.7 to 12 deaths per 100,000 people.

  • As manufacturers have enhanced car safety features, countries have reported persistently declining numbers of deaths from road accidents over the last decade, according to the International Transport Forum.
  • In most countries, the maximum permitted speed in urban areas does not exceed 60 km/h (about 37 mph) and the majority of people use seatbelts while driving.
  • Despite a relatively low number of traffic deaths compared to peers globally, US regulators and the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration have reportedly taken note of the 14 percent increase in the number of motor vehicle deaths in the US since 2014 and are exploring potential underlying causes and the role that new technology—including autonomous vehicle technology—could play in reversing the trend.

Methodology note: IIHS simplified its estimation methodology to more clearly distinguish among the tested vehicles on the basis of numerical values, replacing letter grades, and to shift to a numerical overall rating. The Institute now uses a 4-point grading scale—poor (1), marginal (2), acceptable (3), and good (4)—for crashworthiness, crash avoidance and mitigation, and child seat anchors. To appraise front crash prevention, the Institute uses a 3-level scale: basic (1-2), advanced (2-3), and superior (4-6). A car receives a crash prevention score of zero if a feature is not available for testing.

 

Percepções de dados relacionados

Vehicle Days to Turn: Subarus Spend Least Time in Dealers' Inventories

Auto dealerships purchase cars direct from manufacturers to resell to final consumers. But, vehicles may spend days, weeks, and even months in some cases in dealers' inventories before being purchased by the ultimate owner. Dealers seek the fastest inventory turnover possible, making 'days to turn'—the number of days a vehicle was in dealer's inventory before being sold—a critical metric for dealers.In 2016, Subarus were the quickest sold automobiles in the world: dealers required an average of 27 days to sell a Subaru, according to Edmunds.Cars produced by Toyota, Honda, and Mercedes-Benz—which are among the world's safest vehicles of...

The Global Electric Car Market

Electric cars constitute less than 0.1 percent of the vehicle market today, but market and regulatory forces all but ensure electric vehicles will be the future of the auto industry. According to the 2016 Global Electric Vehicle Outlook from the International Energy Agency, the global electric car stock has grown rapidly since 2010, from about 2,000 cars in 2005 to nearly 1.3 million in 2015. The boom in the electric car industry is usually attributed to three factors:The increasing recovery cost globally for fossil fuels used in conventional vehicles;The environmentally-friendly potential of electric vehicles, which produce fewer CO2...

Top Vehicle Manufacturers in the US Market, 1961-2016

Over the last three years, car sales in the US market have set new all-time records and included a collection of manufacturers that extends well beyond the American classics. In 2015, vehicle sales in the US reached nearly 17.5 million units, a growth of 5.7 percent from 2014 and 25,000 more vehicles than the record setting sales in 2005. The year 2000 marked a turning point in the US auto industry: it was the last year that General Motors and Ford Motor Company combined made up at least 50 percent of the US market share. GM’s share of the US market has decreased almost 3 times since its peak of 50.7 percent in 1962, falling to 17 percent in...

The World's Top Car-Owning Countries

The United States is often criticized for its perceived nonchalance toward air pollution despite persistent statements to the contrary by the current presidential administration. The US remains the number one contributor globally to harmful chemicals in the air, with the fossil-fuel consuming transportation industry being a primary emission source. With more than 250 million vehicles on US roads, the US surpasses even China based on total vehicles in use despite China's much larger population...at least for now. China has already surpassed the US in annual new car sales. Examining the data on a per capita basis reveals another side to the...