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Friedrich Schneider

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  • N
    • dezembro 2010
      Fonte: Friedrich Schneider
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 13 julho, 2012
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      Source: Schneider, Friedrich , Buehn, Andreas and Montenegro, Claudio E.(2010) 'New Estimates for the Shadow Economies all over the World', International Economic Journal, 24: 4, 443-461. This dataset presents estimations of the shadow economies for 162 countries, including developing, Eastern European, Central Asian, and high income OECD countries over 1999 to 2006/2007.
  • S
    • janeiro 2015
      Fonte: Friedrich Schneider
      Carregamento por: Knoema
      Acesso em 18 outubro, 2016
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      The calculation of the size and development of the shadow economy is done with the MIMIC (Multiple Indicators and Multiple Courses) estimation procedure. Using the MIMIC estimation procedure one gets only relative values and one needs other methods like the currency demand approach or the income discrepancy method, to calibrate the MIMIC values into absolute ones. The calculated values for 2014 are projections for some countries, for 2015 they are projections for all countries, based on the forecasts of the official figures (GDP, unemployment, etc.) of these countries.