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The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the statistical agency of the Government of Australia. The ABS provides key statistics on a wide range of economic, population, environmental and social issues, to assist and encourage informed decision making, research and discussion within governments and the community.
The dataset includes information about the most serious offence, referred to as the principal offence, associated with an alleged offender, referred to as an "offender". Statistics are also presented on the number of proceedings that police initiated in the form of court and non-court actions for all states and territories. Data are compiled on the basis of the date that police initiated action, or proceeded against, an offender (e.g. the date the offender was charged, the date the offender was cautioned, etc.). The date the offender was proceeded against by police may not be the date when the offence occurred, or the date when the offender came to the attention of police. In some jurisdictions the data may reflect the date of record creation rather than date of action; however, this does not have a significant impact on the comparability of data across jurisdictions for offenders as there are no major lags between the two dates.
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures quarterly changes in the price of a 'basket' of goods and services which account for a high proportion of expenditure by the CPI population group (i.e. metropolitan households). This 'basket' covers a wide range of goods and services, arranged in the following eleven groups:Food and non-alcoholic beveragesAlcohol and tobaccoClothing and footwearHousingFurnishings, household equipment and servicesHealthTransportCommunicationRecreation and cultureEducationInsurance and financial services.